מרדכי (ארתור) זיגלבוים
Shmuel Mordechai (Arthur) Zigelboim
(Szmul [Samuel Arthur]
Zygelbojm /Zygielbojm /Zygelbaum))
21 February 1891 -
12 May 1943
Shmuel (Arthur) Ziegelboim was the "Bund"
representative at the Polish National Council in exile, in London. He tried
desperately but in vain to awake public opinion against the Nazi atrocities
being committed in Eastern Europe.
When the news arrived of the extermination of the Warsaw Ghetto, Zygielbojm
committed suicide on 12th May 1943, in protest at the passivity with which the
world was permitting the Nazis to destroy the Jews of Europe. Before his death
he sent the following letter to the President of Poland.
wrote: "..I cannot live while the remnants of the Jewish people in Poland, whose
representative I am, are being exterminated.'"
The inscription on the Szmul Zygielbojm Memorial in Warsaw , Poland
The Last Letter of Szmul Zygielbojm
May 11, 1943
President W. Rackiewicz
To the Chairman of the Council of Ministers - W. Sikorski
I take the liberty of addressing to you my last words and through
you to the Polish government and people, to the governments and
peoples of the Allied states and to the conscience of the world...
The responsibility for the crime of murdering all the Jewish
population in Poland falls, in the first instance, on the
perpetrators, but indirectly it also burdens the whole of humanity,
upon the peoples and governments of the Allied states that, so far,
have made no effort towards a concrete action to put a stop to this
I cannot remain silent. I cannot live while the remnants of the
Jewish people in Poland whose representative I am are being
exterminated. My comrades in the Warsaw ghetto perished with their
weapons in their hands in their last heroic battle. It was not my
destiny to die as they did, together with them. But I belong to them
and in their mass graves.
By my death I wish to make the strongest possible protest against
the passivity with which the world is looking on and permitting the
extermination of the Jewish people. I know how little human life is
worth today, but as I was unable to do anything during my life,
perhaps by my death I shall help to break down the indifference of
those who have the possibility now, at the last moment to save those
Polish Jews still alive, from certain annihilation.
My life belongs to the Jewish people in Poland and, therefore, I
give it to them. I wish that the surviving remnants of the several
millions of Polish Jews could live to see, with the Polish
population, the liberation that it could know in Poland, in a world
of freedom and in the justice of socialism. I believe that such a
Poland will arise and that such a world will come.
I bid farewell to everybody and everything that was dear to me and
that I have loved.
to a few of the sites in Arthur's memory :
This page was last
20/11/06 By Baruch